INFOGRAPHIC: Factors related to adherence

It’s good to have a clear view of all factors that influence medication adherence! A qualitative review of 102 studies resulted in very comprehensive Infographic. Let us have a further look at the demographic factors:

  • Age: most of the studies (14) show an increased compliance, some (3) a decreased and some (4) show no effect on compliance at elderly patients. With middle-aged or young patients, all (7) examined studies show a decreased compliance!
  • Ethnicity
    • Caucasian: All (4) studies show an increased compliance
    • Minorities: All (10) examined studies show no effect on compliance
  • Gender: Most studies (11) show an increased compliance, some (4) a decreased compliance and some(6) show no effect at female patients
  • Education level: only 2 studies show an decreased adherence, a few more (4) show an increase but the most (6) show no effect
  • Marital status: five studies show an increased adherence and the same amount of studies show no effect on adherence on married status

Possible conclusion: although medication adherence support systems like to focus on the elderly, this doesn’t seem to be the most important target! It’s much more appropriate to look at other factors.

Infographic-Adherence-Factors

Infographic-Adherence-Factors

Author: Indy Kavelaars @ Vitaphone Netherlands
Source: PMC, US national library of medicine

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